La ferme de beaumont catalogue 2016

Laurence Cossu-Beaumont, Jacques-Henri Coste and Jean-Baptiste Velut (eds.), The Crisis and Renewal du American Capitalism. A Civilizational Approach à Modern American political Economy
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1This collection of essays is a contribuer à to the large corps humain of study devoted venir the change in paradigm shift undergone by the nous capitalism in the conséquence of thé Great Recession, but seeks venir integrate more fully the study du social and political agence in order to elucidate your interactions with économique phenomena. Ce thus promotes a “civilizational” approach, in thé wake ns methodological currents such oui the french Théorie du la régulation, the New économique Sociology or the Varieties de Capitalism theory. A corollary of this technique is the diviser of typologies of capitalism, which uses a beneficial tool parce que le comparative analysis et allows to delineate thé characteristics of the us economy as representing a form de capitalism per se. Beyond the national dimension of political economy, the volume is also intended venir fill a espacer in literature, namely the insufficient consideration du subnational actors, specifically adequate in the boîte of auto US politics system, and of “shadow institutional processes”.

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2The tons part is entitled “re-embedding thé financial dilemm in its cultural milieu”. In maintaining with thé “economic people analysis” approach of the collection, James ™ Bride’s contribuant anchors nous financial market deregulation in a douane of “lawlessness” similaire to auto Wild West. Exploring the Federal Reserve’s contribution to auto Great Recession, Nicholas Sowels shows how monetary plan illustrated thé prevalence of the neoliberal paradigm, et how, despite the questions and doubts raised by the crisis, “the simple structural mechanisms of neoliberalism in finance stay in place”, thus further endangering economies. This concern is echoed in the following chapter, committed to auto “resilience du American neoliberalism”. Bradley smith uses 3 perspectives to demonstrate the since thé crisis, thé United States has actually not bring away much éliminer from auto neoliberal paradigm: thé post-crisis boost in federal participation should no be interpreted as an ideological shift, the power of financial capitale has not diminished, and no political counter-movement deserve to be identified. Auto topic ns the decline de the United states is then addressed passant par Pierre Arnaud by means du an alternatives use du the traditional discuter of concis imbalances: cette demonstrates that they pouvez be seen oui “expressions of année original form of leadership” et result native “dynamic interactions between the international role du the dollar and the cultural factors that have shaped America’s consumer markets et contemporary revenue distribution”. Auto latter encompass the tradition of a debt-driven consumption relying on a “redefinition de the American Dream”, whereby, for lack of entrepreneurial opportunities, the ideal ns the elevation entrepreneur was substituted par a dynamics de mass intake which permitted auto acquisition du material signs du social achievement and, ont a collateral effect, additionally contributed to auto overall development of the economy et made ce more egalitarian.

3In the seconde part ns the volume, nous capitalism is learned at various scales, “beyond the denchères crisis”, in order venir identify “shifting paradigms, shifting scopes”. Using a multi-scalar and cross-disciplinary approach, magicien Azuelos uses auto “nature and impact ns the good Recession” ont analytical tools à delineate American capitalism, et finds three main features: first, the sens of auto state-market lien at various crucial stages du US economic history; secondly, inner diversity de the nous economy, exemplified passant par differences in regional growth and unemployment prices during the Great Recession; thirdly, such distinctions are explained de geography et institutions. In the prochain chapter, Cécile Cormier apprendre the states’ et localities’ budgetary situations and trade-offs. She shows that auto financial problems of local governments preexisted the crisis marqué were deepened passant par it ont their inhabitants were struck de unemployment. Castle reacted to this par tax increases, safety cuts et the issuing of apporter bonds, thé latter being an illustration of a neoliberal reason behind state and local federal government budgetary decisions and resulting in the downgrading of auditeur services et social programs. Through thé prism de the real estate mortgage system, Cynthia Ghorra-Gobin tackles thé subprime crisis at thé subnational level, following deux threads. First, she aims at revealing the “urban and local roots du the jae won crisis”, which affected inner cities oui well as suburbs. The second line of discuter consists in evaluating thé “shift in American ‘civilization’” initiated de the crisis, whereby thé traditional maquette of “ownership ns a loger surrounded par a garden”, one ns the diriger symbols ns the American Dream, has actually come venir be challenged. Numerous urban planners see the crisis as année opportunity à la reshaping suburbs according venir “a more compact design de subdivisions” et to move from année ownership society à a “rentership society”, in a change away indigenous pre-crisis individualism and the “ideal de suburban comfort”. America’s competitive strategy is assessed par Jean-Baptiste Velut through innovation policy, military-industrial programs and trade diplomacy, so as to identify thé kind du political travail implemented to respond to thé challenges of globalization. Hey highlights a “hybridization phenomenon”, with année increasing collaboration of public et corporate actors in auto three sectors under study.

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4The critical part of the le volume addresses “disruptive and creative agency” et the “dynamics of cultural resilience and renewal”. Jacques-Henri cingler views thé US “national system de innovation” oui a moving economic et policy paradigm, whereby connections between private et public initiatives vary according to auto successive business cycles. In the conséquences of auto crisis, the downward tendency in renouveler may it is in reversed passant par “re-assembling public institutions and private agents” à create “more productive and sustainable complementarities”. Catherine Sauviat notes that the US labor market model, whose adaptability was longue considered ont a factor ns resilience, to be challenged de the high unemployment price entailed par the an excellent Recession and by auto declining capacity de the nous economy to create jobs. Elle shows that the model is in truth characterized passant par many long-standing institutional weaknesses, notably pertaining venir unsuccessful routine bargaining, labor-market polarization et insufficient worker cacher through unemployment insurance. The crisis has actually contributed venir accelerating auto erosion of these labor market institutions, et raises auto question of whether “the decline in labor marché dynamism is cyclical or has bring away a more structural pattern”. According à Marie-Christine Pauwels, auto “Occupy mur Street” movement’s possibly disruptive volume was undermined de its failure to correctly assess “the potency ns the récolte myths within which thé American capitalist maquette is embedded”. The choice à remain out ns institutional-electoral national politics was a weakening factor, ont was thé concentration nous the responsibility of big business in the process ns rising inequality, instead ns acknowledging also the failures du the state. In année article devoted venir philanthropy as a “specifically American approach” to thé excesses du capitalism, Laurence Cossu-Beaumont focuses on the Giving Pledge initiative introduced by bill Gates et Warren Buffett in 2009. While resting upon the traditional récit of auto successful self-made man whose conventionnel obligation is à give back venir society, cette is likewise innovative with the création of thé form ns “philantro-capitalism”, whereby philanthropy does not counterbalance modern-day capitalism cible draws figurants from auto techniques du the for-profit sector, through a view à obtaining the highest rapport possible, and, quite than questioning it, demonstrates auto resilience de the American entreprises model.

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5The variety ns the perspectives present in the different essays therefore makes this circonscriptions a useful contribuant to an understanding of the nous capitalism as transformed par the good Recession, and of thé paramount civilizational underpinnings of concis phenomena et policymaking.