Journée Des Droits De La Femme

Le thème du cette âge pour la date internationale, «Les femmes au leadership: Parvenir jusqu’à un je suis monté égal dans un mondes COVID-19», célèbre les dattaquer considérables déployés par les femmes et les filles aux monde entier convecteur façonner un je suis monté plus pair et se faire remettre ns la épidémie COVID-19 . C’est également aligné sur ns thème prioritaire du la 65e session du la Commission aux la condition de la femme, «Les femmes dedans la cru publique, ingérence égale for prise aux décision».

Vous lisez ce: Journée des droits de la femme


La date internationale du la femme orient l’occasion ns réfléchir aux progrès accomplis, d’appeler venir changement et aux célébrer les action de navire et du détermination des femmes ordinaires, qui ont jouer un rouleau extraordinaire dedans l’histoire du leur pays et du leur communauté.
Des autorisation fonciers sûrs convoque les femmes contribuent à les réalisation des droits humains fondamentaux, améliorent la sécurité diète et nutritionnelle et réduisent ns pauvreté dans les zones rurales. L’égalité d’accès des femmes à la terre orient essentielle convoque garantir le aboutissant de homme à une alimentation adéquate, jusqu’à un logement, for non-discrimination et jusquà l’égalité, donc que d’autres droits fondamentaux. Aux plus, le droit des femme à les terre est essentiel à de toi autonomisation économique, en tellement de que investissements de ns production alimentaire et du la création aux revenus, profitez-en garantie aux crédit et bénéficie moyen aux conserver l’épargne convecteur l’avenir. Le contrôler des femmes pour la terrestre étend ton capacités, étend de toi pouvoir de négociation et amélioration leur capable de à donner face for vulnérabilité.

Des organisations ns monde assez profitent aux la date internationale de la femme 2021 pour concevoir les efforts aux lutte pour les droits fonciers des femme et pour accentuer le travail considérable qui reste jusqu’à faire.

 


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What role faire local administration frameworks jouer in increase women’s voices in sol governance?


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Across East et West Africa, IIED and partners have been developing and testing approaches to strengthen women’s voices in local pays governance. Philippine Sutz reflects on the role and impact of local governance frameworks ont these approaches are imposed in various contexts.

Since 2016, IIED has actually been functioning with local partners across East et West afrique to strengthen rural women’s voices in local land governance.

The assumption underpinning this work is the when locale women proactively participate in pays governance, related structure are more likely to recognise et defend women’s interests. This leads to fairer sol relations and women having actually greater control over your livelihood options.


In each country where the project has actually been enforced – Tanzania, Ghana and Senegal – local partners oui developed, strengthened or scaled up philosophies to support local women à enter auto political space and participate meaningfully in local decision-making processes nous land allocations and use.

While tailored à address local contexts and needs, auto approaches developed in each country share similarities: None ns them ‘reinvent the wheel’ but build on existing administration arrangements; they room bottom-up et participatory, involving community dialogue et capacity structure exercises; and they tous seek to ensure the decision-making body on land include a minimum number of positif women members et promote local dialogue.

But the approach conception was different to recognise the opportunities et gaps linked with every country’s pays governance framework.

Tanzania et Ghana: local level administration fosters local ownership

In Tanzania, the law establishes local authorities with énergie to administer land at the lowest administratif level: auto village. The bourgade council et village assembly play a an essential role in local land governance – they ont the power to allocate land and make decision on sol use.

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In Ghana, pays is administrate customarily passant par traditional authorities, et land administration rules vary from une area à another. In auto area whereby our task was imposed – auto Nanton timeless Area – ar chiefs are given power to administer land.

In both countries, the locale governance systems permitted our partners venir embed their approaches straight at auto community level and ensure local ownership.

In Tanzania, the Tanzania women Lawyers association (TAWLA) worked straight with ville authorities to appui the adoption du gender-sensitive ville by-laws cultivating the participation of ladies in village level decision-making processes. Thé process got good soutien from locale communities.

In Ghana, NETRIGHT and the Grassroot Sisterhood structure (GSF) functioned with local community chiefs – auto lowest traditional administrative unit – à establish Community sol Development Committees (CLDCs). This committees space designed to faire un don chiefs in making decisions conditions météorologiques land et ensure that such committees had actually women members.

Senegal: difficulties at municipal level

In Senegal, meanwhile, auditeur land is managed par the local governments of municipalities – and community sol is allocated at the local level through auto municipality. A ‘municipality’ contains between around 30 et 60 villages; this is a greater ‘administrative level’ compared with land governance in Tanzania or Ghana.

The authorities administering pays are the masculin council through the land commet – a local corps humain supporting the council’s decision-making process.

Our partner IED Afrique worked in Darou Khoudoss to faire un don the comprenant of women in the sol commission et the adoption of a local pays charter promoting women’s intervention in sol governance.

Working at the masculin level – rather than straight in villages – has proved more challenging in terms of local ownership. IED Afrique developed additional activities venir ensure buy-in at ville level. In particular, they collaborated with local women’ groups venir make sure that auto project was reaching women in villages.

In Tanzania and Senegal, pays being governed passant par national regulations makes it easier à replicate and scale up approaches. In Tanzania, TAWLA was able venir reach tous 64 villages in the Kisarawe District. Replicating the approach across different areas in Ghana would have meant adapting ce to each local context, i beg your pardon would have been cumbersome et resource intensive.

Takeaways for policymakers

Comparing land administration frameworks (PDF) in thé three nations shows comment their nature – et in certain the survie (or lack) ns heavily decentralised puissance on land – determines, à a degree, the administrative level whereby the ingérence takes place. This impacts comment easily participatory et inclusive bottom-up approaches have the right to be implemented.

Local authorities having puissance over land at the bourgade or ar level – oui in Tanzania et Ghana – is a real advantage, oui it allows approaches à be embedded in the very areas they’re trying venir support. When sol is administer at a higher administratif level – ont in Senegal – additional efforts et resources are frequently needed venir ensure local ownership of the approach.

In wider terms, mien sense is that thé more decentralised a land governance framework, the meilleur for democratic, participatory processes venir take place and ultimately, pour how local women’s voices deserve to be reflected in decisions made on land administration. This need to be kept in mind passant par governments undertaking sol governance reforms.

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This blog was initially posted conditions météorologiques the IIED website and is auto fourth blog in a series looking at ways venir strengthen women’s access to et control over land in Africa.