Pitié-Salpêtrière was thé dumping grounds parce que le women who received the dreaded diagnosis ns "hysterical."

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Docteur Pinel liberating thé hysterical women from your chains - Tony Robert Fleury - 1805 Tony Robert-Fleury

Docteur Pinel liberating the hysterical women from your chains - Tony Robert Fleury - 1805 Tony Robert-Fleury


At tons it was the fate ns the mrs beggars cible more et more, other women began to be labeled et taken. Prostitutes, crazies, orphans, libertines, protestants, cripples, cretins, Jews, criminals, alcoholics, moribunds, witches, melancolics, auto blind, girls bondir of adultery, lesbians, epileptics, thieves, sorcerers, seniles, idiots, depraved, intriguing minds, erotomaniacs, spoiled girls with suicidal tendencies, bohemians, fatties …

This creative and seemingly unlimited list showcases a circuits électoraux of some of the charges, symptoms or assigned behaviors used à ostracize a woman from society. Parisian women of the 1700s might be labeled any type of one ns those things, true or false, branded hysterical, et regardless of elle social status can be sent away into the dingy salle of the asylum forever.

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Centuries ago, avant becoming one du the largest hospital complexe in Europe, ns Salpetrière had a much less altruistic use as a gunpowder factory. Under luigi XIV, it was turned into année asylum the operated an ext like a prison, wherein female outcasts might be shut far from existence. With ne sont pas promises du recovery or freedom, auto unfortunate “patients” normally finished out their herbal lives there, “for their very own good.”

This era to be defined by Michel Foucault as the “Grand Confinement,” when battalions rummaged every night through the darkest streets and dead ends de the capitale to arrest thé poor, auto immoral jaune the crash ones. Isolation and repression gift considered année effective way venir purge debauchery, the prostitutes to be gathered at ns Force, année imposing prison with a special building just pour the ladies. Thé women were hosted in “La petit Force,” et their punishment parce que le trying to survive to be decided. Some de them would certainly be selected à be deported venir Louisiana, Quebec jaune the Caribbean colonies; rather would finish up in ns Salpetrière.

During the September Massacres de 1792, a frenzied mob invaded the Salpetriere, through the intentionnellement of freeing thé imprisoned prostitutes. Anger, fear and mob mentality took hold et after auto working ladies were freed, thé women that were important ill to be dragged into the streets and brutally murdered, staining thé revolution through ugliness.

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Starting at carré Camatte Zaydoff, aller through boulevard des Archers and you’ll see the long, monotone housing constructions that once housed thé battalions. Not tarif from over there in boulevard des Petites auberge (Quartier Charcot) you’ll come throughout a series de three one-floored buildings. Established in 1680 à solve ns Force’s overpopulation issue, these small houses used to form thé so-called “Quartier des Folles,” thé district the housed about 600 hysterical ladies being kept in miniscule cells. Each day, complying with a highly well-known hygiene regimen, the women were chained the end to the semicircular benches seated nous the floor, enabling them the smallest breath de fresh air.

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Tormenting society’s delicate sensibilities passant par their mere existence in thé heart du Paris, the disheveled pariahs in their blanche gowns to be anonymous ghosts. These pitifully forgotten stayed in their rat hole until their savior, medical professional Pinel, set them free, in a manner du speaking, v his revolutionary principles of moral therapy et humane rétrécir health care.