Hélène carrère d encausse louis édouard carrère

CARRÈRE d"ENCAUSSE, hélène 1929-PERSONAL: bondir July 6, 1929, in Paris, France; daughter of georges Zourabichvili et Nathalie de Pelken; married louis Carrère, 1952; children: une son, deux daughters. Education: education at auto Sorbonne, University du Paris.

Vous lisez ce: Hélène carrère d encausse louis édouard carrère

ADDRESSES: Office—Académie Française, 23 accostage Conti, 75006, Paris, France.

CAREER: Professor et Russian scholar. Sorbonne, University ns Paris, Paris, France, professor; institut d"Etudes Politiques, Paris, professor; académie Française, member, 1990—, became règlement secretary (president), 1999; Member of the Royal académie of Belgium and the europe Parliament, became deputy, 1994; base Nationale des sciences Politiques, director of research. Member du foundations and boards of directors, consisting of East-West Institute pour Security Studies; visiting professeur at colleges in the United States.

AWARDS, HONORS: Honorary degree, University ns Montreal; prix Aujourd"hui, 1978; Prix du la fondation Louis Weiss, 1986; Legion of Honor, officer; le commandant of the Order ns Arts and Literature; vested Order ns Friendship, Russian Federation.

WRITINGS:

(With Stuart R. Schram) ns marxisme und l"Asie, 1853-1964, A. Colin (Paris, France), 1965, translation published ont Marxism et Asia, Allen roadway (London, England), 1969.

Réforme et révolution chez les musulmans aux l"empire russe, 1966, translation par Quintin Hoare published oui Islam and the Russian Empire: Reform et Revolution in centre Asia, university of california Press (Berkeley, CA), 1988.

L"URSS et ns Chine devant les révolutions dans les sociétés pré-industrielles, A. Colin (Paris, France), 1970.

L"union soviétique ns Lénine jusqu’à Staline: 1917-1953, le volume 1: Lénine: ns révolution et les pouvoir, le volume 2: Staline: l"ordre par les terreur, Éditions Richelieu (Paris, France), 1972, translation par Valence Ionescu published ont A History du the Soviet Union, 1917-1953, volume 1: Lenin: Revolution and Power, le volume 2: Stalin: Order through Terror, Longman (New York, NY), 1981-1982.

La politique soviétique à Moyen-Orient: 1955-1975, Presses du la fondation Nationale des Sciences politique (Paris, France), 1975.

L"empire éclaté: les révolte des nations en URSS, flammarion (Paris, France), 1978, translation de Martin Sokolinsky et Henry A. La Farge published oui Decline of année Empire: thé Soviet Socialist Republics in Revolt, Newsweek livres (New York, NY), 1979.

Le pouvoir confisqué: gouvernants und gouvernés en URSS, flammarion (Paris, France), 1980, translation de George Holoch published oui Confiscated Power: how Soviet Russia really Works, Harper and Row (New York, NY), 1982.

Le grand frère: l"union soviétique et l"Europe soviétisée, étoile de mer (Paris, France), 1983, translation par George Holoch published ont Big Brother: thé Soviet Union et Soviet Europe, Holmes and Meier (New York, NY), 1987.

La déstalinisation commence, Editions compliqué (Brussels, Belgium), 1984.

Ni paix, ou guerre: les nouvel empire soviétique, ou, du super usage du la détente, étoile de mer (Paris, France), 1986.

Le dénormes défi: bolcheviks und nations, 1917-1930, étoile de mer (Paris, France), 1987, translation passant par Nancy Festinger published oui The an excellent Challenge: Nationalities and the Bolshevik State, 1917-1930, Holmes and Meier (New York, NY), 1992.

Le malheur russe: essai d’environ le meurtre politique, fayard (Paris, France), 1988, translation by Caroline Higgitt published ont The Russian Syndrome: one Thousand Years of Political Murder, Holmes and Meier (New York, NY), 1992.

La la célébrité des nations hay la fin ns l"empire soviétique, 1991, translation de Franklin philippe published as The End ns the Soviet Empire: the Triumph of the Nations, Basic livres (New York, NY), 1993.

Victorieuse Russie, fayard (Paris, France), 1992.

Nicolas II, les transition interrompue: une électrique politique, fayard (Paris, France), 1996, translation by George Holoch published oui Nicholas II: the Interrupted Transition, Holmes and Meier (New York, NY), 2000.

Lénine, fayard (Paris, France), 1998, translation by George Holoch published ont Lenin, Holmes et Meier (New York, NY), 2001.

La Russie inachevée, fayard (Paris, France), 2000.

Contributor venir books, including central Asia: A Century de Russian Rule, edited de Edward Allworth, Columbia University push (New York, NY), 1967, and to periodicals.

SIDELIGHTS: hélène Carrère d"Encausse is a français professor, historian, and political scientist who in 1990 to be elected venir seat num fourteen out du forty de the académie Française. Thé sixteen previous occupant of that seat included pierre Corneille and Victor étreignant In 1999 Carrère d"Encausse was named president du the academy, a emplacement called règlement secretary by the French.

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Carrère d"Encausse is thé author ns many volumes, primarily ns Russian history. Most oui been interpreted into English, some within years but others decades after initial publication, and most de these oui been updated. Her livres are appreciated no only by students of history et those who teach it, but also par a more general audience interested in thé region and in thé rise and fall ns Communism et its influence in east Europe.

Big Brother: thé Soviet Union and Soviet europe appeared in translate into in 1987 and is divided into 3 sections. In auto first, Carrère d"Encausse explains comment Stalin"s Soviet syndicat gained control in Eastern leurope  following human being War II. Elle then documents the ultimate futility of the resistance par the people ns those countries during auto thirty years complying with Stalin"s death et concludes with an analysis de Gorbachev"s reforms. History"s jack Lauber called thé volume "an brillant analysis."

Tim McDaniel stated in modern-day Sociology the Carrère d"Encausse"s thé Great Challenge: Nationalities and the Bolshevik State, 1917-1930 "is a heroic effort. It seeks to understand the affrontement between auto multiplicity of socialist approaches à ethnicity and nationality et the trying situations in which thé Bolsheviks sought venir create your classless society in thé formative period of the Soviet Union."

"Above all," wrote affichage von Hagen in Slavic Review, "d"Encausse documents a distinctive set du approaches that were characteristic de Lenin"s preeminence in thé Party and state and that contrasted high solution with later policies adopted by Stalin."

Journal du Modern History"s Timothy E. O"Connor said thé volume "is a masterpiece et deserves to be read de students and scholars interested in not seul Soviet history marqué also modern affairs in the former Soviet Union. This book benefits from année excellent translation and reads incredibly well."

The Russian Syndrome: une Thousand Years ns Political murder is an essay of the aller political murder played in Russian politics from thé conquest ns Kiev in 882 venir 1988 and the Twenty-eighth Congress ns the Communist Party. Initially published in français in 1988, cette addresses auto reign of Ivan auto IV, known as Ivan the Terrible, who killed his le sien Dimitri in a droit of rage. Similarly, peter the an excellent killed his son, Alexis, and Rasputin, that was murdered de Prince Yussopov in 1916, suffered poisoning et torture avant being thrown into année icy river. The entire Romanov family was murdered in 1918 oui a message from the newrevolutionaries that auto old regimen was forever ended, an act later condoned by both Lenin and Stalin ont being justified in the evolution of an ideal communist society. When Stalin died in 1953, physics murder was replaced passant par other forms de political annihilation, such oui Khrushchev"s denouncement of Stalin in 1956, and Khrushchev"s own forced retirement.

Ole Berthelsen created in the un journal of tranquility Research that thé author "sees the post-Stalin era ont a continuer of a modernization process which started before the Revolution. In this light, the terror under Stalin to represent a unique period in Russian oui well as Soviet history, année exception rather than a rule."

The End du the Soviet Empire: thé Triumph du the nations is a four-part le volume in which Carrère d"Encausse presents her views nous the causes du the Soviet Empire"s demise. Glen Chafetz comment in Political scientifique Quarterly that her thesis "is that the combination du glasnost et the Chernobyl nuclear accident spurred auto long-suppressed cible restive former nations of the USSR right into rising up et destroying auto communist adhesive that organized the riche together." since this book was released just avant the critique breakup in 1990-91, année epilogue has actually been added à this version to bring ce up-to-date.

Stephen blank wrote in Slavic testimonial that Carrère d"Encausse follows "the extent of the Russian Republic"s galloping socio-economic crisis that directif not seulement un to thé reversal du historic immigration patterns et refugee flows ago into Russia, but also thé breakdown du schools, family, and the economy. In thé Russian case, a sense de demographic and socio-moral dilemm was a an especially strong motivator of the intelligentsia"s essai to overthrow the system."

Elizabeth Jones Hemenway created in Russian review that in nicolas II: auto Interrupted Transition, Carrère d"Encausse life "sets the end to ajouter subtlety et complexity to thé traditional photo of nicholas II ont a weak, indecisive ruler; and, second, seeks venir reconceptualize thé history of twentieth-century Russia, suggesting that conditions météorologiques should see this period as one du progress and modernization that was (unjustly) interrupted pour over seventy years passant par the 1917 revolutions and the Soviet state."

John Keep, who reviewed thé volume in auto Times literature Supplement, wrote that ce is Carrère d"Encausse"s contention, "advanced with auto elegance et skill une expects from a distinguished french Academician, that nicholas had his own concept of what was required; moreover, that ce may oui been better suited to Russian realities, and to thé people"s outlook, than auto institutional checks nous the autocratic puissance loudly advocated by liberals and others."

Choice reviewer D. A. Meier listed that the tsar "emerges with strongly held convictions of his obligations as autocrat though plagued par the realization de Russia"s need to modernize. … Overall, this work-related presents an intriguing reassessment of Russian history et the role of great persons."

Carrère d"Encausse"s Lenin, written after auto fall du the communist bloc, is elle assessment of Lenin"s contributions. Slavoj Žižek created in the londres Review of livres that Carrère d"Encausse "rightly emphasises the his genius place in his ability à move beyond auto typical regard of the revolution, in which a brief, ecstatic explosion of utopian energy is followed passant par a sobering morning after. Lenin possessed auto strength to prolong auto utopian moment."

BIOGRAPHICAL et CRITICAL SOURCES:

PERIODICALS

American historic Review, June, 1971, roger E. Kanet, review du L"URSS et ns Chine devant das révolutions dans les sociétés pré-industrielles, pp. 746-747.

American Political scientifiquement Review, June, 1985, roger E. Kanet, review du Le grand frère: l"union soviétique et l"Europe soviétisée, pp. 575-576; December, 1988, scott McElwain, evaluation of gros Brother: thé Soviet Union and Soviet Europe, pp. 1414-1415.

Booklist, April 15, 2000, Jay Freeman, review of nicholas II: auto Interrupted Transition, p. 1519.

Choice, May, 1982, reviews de Lenin: Revolution and Power and Stalin: Order v Terror, p. 1308; September, 1992, D. J. Dunn, review du The good Challenge: Nationalities et the Bolshevik State, 1917-1930, p. 193; November, 2000, D. A. Meier, testimonial of nicolas II, pp. 587-588.

Contemporary Sociology, July, 1993, heure McDaniel, review de The an excellent Challenge, pp. 512-514, Rogers Brubaker, review du The End de the Soviet Empire: auto Triumph du the Nations, pp. 514-516.

History, summer, 1988, jack M. Lauber, review of super Brother, p. 179.

Journal du Asian Studies, May, 1971, Leon Goure, review ns L"URSS et ns Chine devant esquive révolutions dans esquive sociétés pré-industrielles, pp. 670-671.

Journal de Modern History, December, 1994, Timothy E. O"Connor, review of The good Challenge, pp. 895-896.

Journal de Peace Research, August, 1991, stein Tonnesson, review du La gloire des nations ou la fin de l"empire soviétique, pp. 333-334; February, 1995, Ole Berthelsen, review ns The Russian Syndrome: une Thousand Years de Political Murder, p. 123.

London Review de Books, Slavoj Žižek, review du Lenin, pp. 13-15.

National Review, march 4, 1983, Ellen Wilson, review de Confiscated Power: how Soviet Russia really Works, pp. 265-266.

Partisan Review, spring, 1985, paul Hollander, review ns Confiscated Power, pp. 120-132.

Political scientifique Quarterly, summer, 1993, valley Chafetz, review de The End of the Soviet Empire, p. 358.

Problems de Communism, June-July, 1990, Trond Gilberg, testimonial of super Brother, pp. 99-103.

Russian Politics et Law, July-August, 2000, Arkadii Vaksberg, "A échanger of dates in Russia" (interview), pp. 76-81.

Russian Review, July, 1990, David MacKenzie, review du Islam and the Russian Empire: Reform and Revolution in quartier général Asia, pp. 339-340; October, 1994, Ralph T. Fisher, review ns The Russian Syndrome, pp. 575-576; October, 2001, elizabeth Jones Hemenway, testimonial of nicolas II, pp. 655-656.

Slavic Review, spring, 1991, Keith Hitchins, review ns Islam and the Russian Empire, pp. 195-197; spring, 1994, marque Von Hagen, review of The good Challenge, pp. 234-236; fall, 1995, Richard Hellie, review ns The Russian Syndrome, pp. 762-763; winter, 1995, Stephen Blank, review of The End of the Soviet Empire, pp. 1134-1135.

Slavonic and East europe Review, January, 1990, Stephen White, review of super Brother, p. 177.

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Times literary Supplement, in march 5, 1970, review du Marxism and Asia, p. 246; juin 19, 1981, Violet Conolly, review of ns pouvoir confisqué: gouvernants und gouvernés en URSS, pp. 705-706; April 21, 1989, john Keep, review de Islam et the Russian Empire, p. 415; January 4, 1991, Alec Nove, review de La la célébrité des nations ou la fin de l"empire soviétique, p. 8; October 20, 2000, john Keep, review of nicholas II, p. 27.

Washington Post book World, Jerry F. Hough, review of Confiscated Power, pp. 9-10.*